About Project

Short Info

Municipalities and universities consist of an important share of energy consumption in the public sector with their massive campuses and services.  Development of energy efficient technologies and increasing the share of RE production in their facilities, buildings and campuses bear a significant potential for a less energy intensive and a more decarbonized public sector and services in Turkey.

On the other hand, increasing green energy investments in municipalities and universities will be a key facilitator for the public in general and also will enhance the visibility and awareness of RE and EE.

Accordingly, the overall objective of the project is to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy in line with the EU’s resource efficiency.

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university and municipality staff trained
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site visits
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Needs Assessment Reports
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renewable energy feasibility studies
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energy efficiency audit reports
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owner’s engineering for 20 projects
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international study visits for RE/EE applications
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international study visits for R&D applications
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expert support for 12 R&D Projects

To achieve the overall objective and purposes of this contract, the project activities are designed under four main components:

COMPONENT – 1

Trainings and study visits for municipalities and universities on renewable energy and energy efficiency investments

COMPONENT – 2

Provision of site visits and studies for municipalities and universities on renewable energy and energy efficiency investments

COMPONENT – 3

Preparation of procurement documents for pilot projects and delivery of owner’s engineering services

COMPONENT – 4

Renewable energy and energy efficiency R&D support for universities

Current Situation

Turkey’s energy import dependency has been increasing in parallel with the growing economy and energy demand. As a result of high growth rates, Turkey has an average 7-8 % increase in energy demand as the biggest in Europe and second biggest in the world after China.

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GW/h

Electricity generation

(as of the end of 2017)

0
GW

Total installed capacity by 2017

(more than doubled since 2003 – 35,587 GW)

%57.1

Ratio of installed capacity based on domestic resources compared to installed capacity run by a diversified portfolio of imports.

(November 2017)

%45.2

Ratio of the installed domestic capacity based on renewable resources

(which corresponds to around 37.5 GW)

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GW

Ratio of renewable resources came from hydropower

(November 2017)

%70.7

Electricity  generateion share by thermal power plants

(November 2017)

%29.3

Electricity generation share by diverse renewable resources

(19.9% hydro, 5.8% wind, 3.6% other renewable sources)

(November 2017)

%37.3

The electricity generation share of natural gas and Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) by November 2017

 (%46.5 by 2010)

0
GWh

Electricity consumption of Turkey in 2017

%86.3

The share of private sector in terms of electricity as of N0vembver 2017

(76% in terms of installed capacity)

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TEP

Primary energy supply in 2016

(136.229 TEP in 2013)

0
TEP

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions in 2016

(438.8 in 2013)

Turkey’s primary energy intensity was decreased by 23.1% in 2015 compared to 2000 while final energy intensity in 2015 was decreased by 15% compared to 2000.

For a Sustainable Energy Sector

The rapid growth in energy demand has required Turkey to take concrete actions in order to increase energy efficiency (EE), decrease GHG emissions, foster security of supply and to create a sustainable energy sector and efficiently functioning liberal energy market. Moreover, the transformation of the existing production structure is targeted via reducing import dependency and increasing the innovation capacity of the private sector. For this purpose, several legal and institutional reforms were initiated and are still being implemented. In this context, enhancement of the sectors of EE and Renewable Energy (RE) markets, complemented with the use of innovative technologies are among the highest priorities of Turkey’s energy policy and strategies.

In the Energy and Natural Resources Strategic Plan 2015-2019, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR) defines the priorities of Turkish energy sector under 9 themes and 16 targets.

EE Strategy Paper aims at defining a set of sector policies, necessary actions and institutions responsible for carrying out these actions. First National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) have been published in 2018. According to NEEAP, Turkey aims to decrease primary energy consumption by % 14 in 2023 compared with base usual scenario.

In the Electricity Market & Security of Supply Strategy Paper and National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), the main target is identified as providing 30% of total electricity production from RE. The installed capacity targets for RE sources are as follows;

  • Hydroelectric: 34 000 MW
  • Wind: 20 000 MW
  • Solar: 5 000 MW
  • Geothermal and Biomass: 1 000 MW

In terms of R&D in EE and RE, the MENR Strategic Plan, the result oriented research and development is defined as a target and supporting technology centers, establishment of public-university-industry cooperation and enabling the implementation of pilot R&D projects are set as the strategies to be used to reach the target.

In Turkey, there are a total of 1,400 municipalities in 81 provinces including 30 metropolitan municipalities and 50 provincial municipalities. While district municipalities in metropolitan cities are only responsible for collecting municipal buildings’ and other solid wastes within their zone, Metropolitan municipalities and district municipalities located in cities other than metropolitan cities have additional responsibilities in a variety of different fields. The energy costs of the municipalities are covered by the state budget through Bank of Provinces (Ilbank), and the municipalities contribute to meeting energy costs ranging from 5% to 10%. Investments to be made in municipalities are carried out by using state budget through Bank of Provinces (Ilbank) or by loans obtained from local commercial banks or International Finance Institutions (IFI [eg. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development]).

Many institutions are implied under the category of “Universities”. In addition to more than 200 universities, institutes and research centres, around 3,700 vocational and technical high schools can be counted among these. While higher education institutions provide education within the body of the Council of Higher Education (YÖK), vocational high schools and technical high schools are affiliated to the Ministry of National Education (MoNE). It should be reminded that the energy costs of the schools and state-owned higher education institutions and research institutes mentioned here are covered by the state budget, and the energy costs are paid by MoNE for high schools and YÖK for universities. High schools or higher education institutions cannot benefit from the loans extended by local banks or International Financial Institutions (IFIs) since they do not have their own incomes.

All these different groups are expected to develop their capacities related to Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency applications and investments with the activities to be carried out within the scope of the Project.

Project Objectives and Expected Outputs

The overall objective of this Project is defined by the ToR as “to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy in line with the EU’s resource efficiency” while the Project purpose is defined as “to enhance the capacity of the municipalities and universities in relation to renewable energy and energy efficiency”.

The results expected to be achieved at the end of the project’s implementation period:

  • Capacity of the municipalities and universities in relation to renewable energy and energy efficiency applications is enhanced

  • Energy Efficiency and renewable energy projects in municipalities and university campuses are contributed

  • R&D applications for renewable energy and energy efficiency are supported

Target Groups

The main target groups of the Project is defined as the staff of MENR and DGEA, municipalities (including related staff such as energy managers) and universities (including institutes/research centres/vocational schools of higher education/technical high schools) and their personnel/academic staff/students.

Description Institution / Organization Comments
Lead Institution Directorate General of Foreign Relations (DGFR) – MENR The Lead Institution is responsible for programming and monitoring of actions in the relevant sector.
End-Beneficiaries DGEA and DEEE (MENR) DGEA and DEEE collectively represent the MENR
Main Target Groups Staff of MENR, Universities and Municipalities The term “Universities” covers institutes, research centres, vocational schools of higher education and technical high schools.
Main Stakeholders Union of Municipalities of Turkey (UMT) UMT, jointly with MENR, represent the focal point for municipalities. According to ToR, selection of municipalities shall be under “guidance and supervision” of UMT.
Council of Higher Education (CoHE) Focal point for universities, institutes and research centres.
Ministry of National Education (MoNE)) Focal point for vocational schools of higher education and high technical schools.

Project Activities

To achieve the overall objective of this Project, activities to be accomplished are designed under four main components:

Within the scope of Component 1; trainings will be held on EE and RE Investments for 800 participants from universities and municipalities and study visits to EU member states to examine case studies. With the trainings, participants will learn the basics of energy management systems, best practices in the EU member states, EE and RE applications and technologies in the EU Member States, awareness raising methods, project application cycle, and conduction of feasibility/needs assessment /environmental impact assessment with case studies and financing procedures in EE and RE funding and local banks. Capacity of the beneficiary and co-beneficiaries will increase with trainings and study visits and with case studies transfer of knowledge for self-sustained capacity building will be ensured.

Expected outcomes of the Component 2 are; RE&EE checklists, site visits, 160 eligible projects, need assessment, feasibility and audit reports. Component 2 will help co-beneficiaries to develop and realize 160 projects all around the country. Thus, capacity of both development and implementation of the projects will be increased in all around Turkey. After project completion, this capacity increase will ensure the project development in the future. This will also help strengthen energy audit and RE feasibility market in Turkey and therefore, the Project should take any and all opportunities to contribute establishment of ESCO system in Turkey.

One of the key objectives of this Component is to create inputs that can be used in equipment procurement projects to be supported under IPA 2020. Under component 3, procurement documents will be prepared consisting of Technical Specifications and Market Research for the projects selected under Activity 2.1 to ensure sustainability of these projects.

For 20 projects independently developed by municipalities or universities, the Owner’s Engineering (comprehensive engineering and consultancy services) will be executed upon request of the project owners whose projects are shortlisted by DGREDGEA to be assisted by these services.

Under Component-4 it is aimed to assist university projects in technical aspects of the R&D and innovation works, provide know-how transfer from the EU into Turkey, and build closer ties and familiarity between the Turkish and EU counterparts.  The criteria and selection methodology will be developed, study visits will be organized to experienced R&D/innovation projects by academic institutions/research centres/industry in the EU member states,selected R&D projects will be assisted by Project experts on issues such as project design and implementation issues.

Project Team

OPERATIONS COORDINATION UNIT

Mustafa Çalışkan
Head of Department, General Directorate of Energy Affairs

(Project Coordinator)

Murat Ersin Şahin
Head of Department of Promotion, Education and Audit,

Department of Energy Efficiency and Environment

(Project Coordinator)

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TEAM

Başak İşbir Karaman
Project Director

Mehtap Bahadır Kayhan
Project Manager

Zoran Morvaj
Team Leader

Dušan Gvozdenac
Key Expert 2

Gülru Topçu
Communication Expert

Arif Künar
Energy Efficiency Expert

Faruk Telemcioğlu
Renewable Energy Expert

Nevin Ergeneli
First Component Coordinator